Supreme Court Functions

Supreme Court Functions

The primary framework that enables a court of law to perform its functions, including rendering judgments and enforcing legal requirements, is known as jurisdiction. The Constitution is safeguarded and defended by the United States Supreme Court. It includes both the original jurisdiction and the appellate jurisdiction, in addition to the advisory jurisdiction.

The president must provide their approval for a candidate to be considered for the position of chief justice of the Supreme Court. The principal roles of the Supreme Court are to protect the judicial system's independence and to essentially draught regulations that control the practice and procedure of the court. Because India is a federal state, its judicial system is organized into three levels: the Supreme Court, the High Court, and the subordinate courts.

However, in this article, we will examine the critical duties of the Supreme Court, which can mostly be broken down into three primary purposes. These functions have been grouped in this way for convenience.

1. Case deciding function

The principal responsibility of the Supreme Court is to ensure that all legal disagreements are resolved in a manner that is public, just, and impartial in conformity with the laws of the federal government and the states. The function responsible for judging cases oversees the cases brought before the highest court and decides them after considering all of the relevant evidence and carefully scheduling the arguments.

These cases can be implemented in many ways.

  • The Supreme Court may be asked by a party to bypass the court of appeals and then take a case.
  • The Supreme Court may be asked to take a case by certification from the court of appeals.
  • The supreme court can also get the case where a party may initiate a case of state-wise significance.
  • The supreme court can also get a case where a party who has lost the case in the court of appeals may file a petition for its review.

2. Administrative function

2. Administrative function

  • As the supreme court is the judicial head of the state of India. It has various controls over the high courts and interns the high courts exercise and its control over the subordinate courts, and in this way, administrative control is channelized.
  • Another administrator function of the supreme court is that it functions as the custodian of the constitution and maintains the country's supremacy in the best judicial way.
  • It also has many facets to work on as it includes Information Technology strategies, long-range planning of the supreme court, budgeting process led by the supreme court and assisted by the staff, and rules and practices adopted by the supreme court. The Supreme Court resolves alternative dispute resolution to improve customer satisfaction with the judicial system.

3. Regulatory functions

The Supreme Court's regulatory functions help regulate the legal profession in Wisconsin

  • It regulates the Wisconsin Judiciary and has established a board of bar examiners that Oversees the bar admission.
  • Have seen monitoring the lawyer’s complaints with the responses to Legal requirements and the investigation with the establishment of an officer of lawyer regulations.
  • It helps to investigate and solve events involving any attorney misconduct or any kind of medication capability.
  • It resolves the various disputes between state governments and the government authorities and between the center and any state government with its advisory roles.


In addition to the many different responsibilities carried out by the Supreme Court, there are significant powers vested in the Supreme Court to investigate the legality of the regulations carried out by the Supreme Court and the Executive directives. The Superior Court has highly original and exclusive jurisdiction in various matters, and it empowers supreme powers in sustaining the consensus judgments with conformity and high courts both in the state and around the country. It is an independent judiciary that operates according to a hierarchical structure, with high courts presiding over lower courts to safeguard individuals' rights and liberties while enforcing the regulations. Because of this, it is sometimes referred to as the "guardian of our constitution."

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